For most of us, when we need something, especially when it comes to cosmetics, shopping is quick and easy. You jump into a store or web store and deductively buy what seems like a good choice. Only you know what was the reason for the choice, whether it prevailed that you liked the label, you are loyal to a brand for years or the product is on great sale.
Others will do some research before buying and read all the product reviews online – which is great when it comes to a vacuum cleaner or bedding but not for hair and skin products.
For some, a certain product may have really changed their life and is now praised for all its bells, but your hair and skin are unique and you can never be 100% sure how it will react.
Therefore, before you start throwing products in the basket, it is extremely important that you first get to know your skin and hair well, because only then do you know where the problem is and in which direction to go.
How do I know what my hair needs?
We have bought something on recommendation many times without checking if the product suits us, and many of our companions say that they also often bought xy brand product on recommendation that eventually ruined their hair and seek salvation and advice on what to do and what to do. our products to buy to recover it.
That is why we have prepared this article to start from the beginning, get to know your hair and carelessly choose the best for it.
If we are starting from scratch, the most important thing you need to know about your hair is porosity. Hair porosity is the property of hair to absorb and retain moisture.
The outer part of the hair is made up of the cuticle that protects the cortex, ie the central part of the hair. How close the cuticles are to each other is determined by porosity.
There are three main categories of hair porosity that differ significantly:
low porous hair
medium porous hair
highly porous hair
It is important to keep in mind that porosity can change depending on what you are exposing your hair to, what and how you treat it and whether you care for it enough.
Hair porosity test
If you go to Google and try to find a way to determine the porosity of your hair, you will most likely come across a test with a glass of water.
Although very simple, this test will not give you the correct results, but you will probably see each time how the hair is in other positions in the cup, and thus it is impossible to know what your exact hair porosity is.
Manes by Mell-expert advisor
Accordingly, we decided to find someone professional who understands hair well and who has first-hand knowledge. If anyone knows everything about curly hair and has great tips then it’s Mell Guido.
Mell has its own You Tube channel Manes by Mell where you will find a bunch of great videos and tips from this professional hairdresser. Porosity is best explained by this video that we bring to you in the article.
In her video, Mell explains that there are 5 classes of porosity and describes what type of hair belongs to which class, depending on how and how we treat it.
Class 1 - very low porous hair
This class would include hair that has never been dyed, never exposed to high temperatures, sun, sea, chlorine and has never been chemically treated in any way. You were born with this hair so we call it virgin. The hair is fine, thin, smooth and soft to the touch. You usually don’t need to use conditioner as it is quite soft even without it. We know right away that these are rare cases, but there are you.
How to treat hair like this?
The cuticle of this type of hair is quite closed and needs light care without heavy oils. For the most part, it needs more moisturizing ingredients than protein. You’ll know if she’s missing something by the elasticity of her hair when you gently start stretching it between your fingers (see Table 1 below)
Class 2 - low porous hair
This is a class that also includes virgin hair that you sometimes blow-dry or straighten. Maybe you once painted it a shade lighter. It doesn’t require much care and even without a conditioner you can easily comb it. As with very low porosity, this type of hair needs light hydration without heavy oils in the products and sometimes light protein treatment.
If you feel that she is missing something, follow Table 1 (below).
Class 3 - medium porous hair
This is the class most of us are in. Here, your cuticle is just open enough to normally absorb moisture and retain it normally. You are here if you have dyed your hair up to 5 shades lighter and do it regularly. Also, if you blow-dry regularly, use a hair straightener, etc. This includes those that are dyed in darker shades because hair coloring is a chemical process that damages the cuticle regardless of the color you are dyeing.
Medium porous hair needs regular treatments to maintain its health and beauty. Once a week, use a mask or deep conditioner (similar but not the same) and use a leave-in conditioner. The hair will retain its strength and be nourished. For products, choose combinations of moisturizers and proteins (Table 2 below).
Grade 4 - more porous hair
You are in this class if you have been chemically treating and bleaching your hair for up to 7 shades lighter for a long time. The hair is weakened by such a harsh treatment to such an extent that it breaks a lot, falls out and creates a lot of frizz. Your cuticle is extremely damaged, which means that your hair absorbs everything quickly, but also quickly removes everything you give it. Your condition is not yet alarming and with proper care your hair can be put in order.
So what can you do besides go get the scissors? You need to take a little more care of your care. Due to the great openness of the cuticle, products with ingredients that will retain nutrients and moisture such as shea butter and oil should be used so that it does not simply evaporate. Be sure to include protein treatments on a weekly basis. Use a conditioner that does not rinse after each hair wash and then apply oil / serum to towel-dried hair.
On a monthly basis, check to see if she is lacking in protein or hydration (Table 1 below) and use products that are fortified with what she lacks accordingly.
Class 5 - very highly porous hair
If you are on your way to a hairdresser to shave your head because you no longer know what you are going to do then you are in this class. We are sorry that this happened and we can tell you right away that there is probably no salvation for hair like this other than a haircut. You may have been dyed and bleached over 9 shades lighter than your natural color and have been doing so for decades. Your hair is like chewing gum, it is rubbery and extremely soft, which means that there are practically no cuticles. Nothing stays on this kind of hair (because it’s nothing), everything you try doesn’t help because it doesn’t have a cuticle to keep anything in it. It would be wise then to stop such rigorous treatments and cut everything you need. Start over… it’s never too late for that.
Hair porosity table
Now you already know approximately how porous your hair is and what grade you belong to. What can further help you to be sure is another test. After washing your hair with shampoo, take one hair and try to stretch it.
According to the level of elasticity that your hair shows, you will be sure what porosity it is and what to do next.
If you need more hydration and you have medium porous hair, you will go shopping for products that will nourish your hair, while for highly porous hair with the same result, in addition to hydration, you will also include proteins.
Now that you have known your hair and determined the porosity, you have enough knowledge to choose exactly the product that will help you make your hair look its best.
Our advice is to regularly check the porosity of your hair with a hair extension test, because the porosity is constantly changing whether it is due to the change of seasons, increased levels of stress you are exposed to or something else.
In this situation, you are sure not to waste money on expensive products that are not for you and that could potentially cause more harm than good, but choose what your hair really needs, and the result of proper care will be lush, healthy and beautiful hair. worship.
Which products are best for your hair porosity type and what to avoid when buying products, see our article on products by hair porosity types.
Thanks for reading 🙂